挹娄遗址寻古记


图片1.png

笔架山水库风景区 邑楼遗址就在水库北岸的山上

The site of yilou, the scenic spot of Bijia mountain reservoir, is on the mountain on the North Bank of the reservoir


让王寄名有些遗憾的是搞了半生测量工作,不知道自己家乡的水库后山那个叫高丽城的地方竟是有二千多年历史的挹娄遗址。

Wang sent his name a little regret that he had done the semi-life survey work. I didn't know that the place called gaolicheng, the reservoir back hill in his hometown, was the yilou site with a history of more than 2000 years.


要说起那处遗址,王寄名还真的有些印象。

To talk about the site, Wang sent his name to some real impression.


1957年,12岁的王寄名从河南的沈邱来到笔架山时,就住在笔架山水库的北岸果树三队,那时就知道水库的北山顶上有个石头磊起来的圈堡叫“高丽城”。小时候,他还和伙伴们去那里边玩。

In 1957, when the 12-year-old Wang sent his name from Shenqiu in Henan Province to Bijia mountain, he lived in the third team of fruit trees on the North Bank of Bijia mountain reservoir. At that time, he knew that there was a stone ring Castle called gaolicheng on the top of the north mountain of the reservoir. As a child, he went there with his friends.


记得,当年那里的情景是在山头上,四周一大圈用一个人能搬动的大小不一的石头和泥土砌成的土墙,里边有半个篮球场大小的地方,中间还有一小圈围栏痕迹,使人不知是做什么用的,外边的大圈没有门窗痕迹,那时他还小,也没去想过那是个做什么用的地方。

Remember, the scene there was a large circle around the mountain, which was made of stones and soil that a man could move. There were half the size of basketball court in it, and there was a small circle of fence marks in the middle, which made people wonder what to do. The outer circle had no trace of doors and windows. At that time, he was still small and didn't think about what to do.


如今半个多世纪又过去了,时光流逝,日月沧桑。随着国家的发展,国力的增强,我国的历史文化事业也在不断发展。

Now more than half a century has passed, time goes by, the days and the moon vicissitudes. With the development of the country and the enhancement of national strength, the historical and cultural undertakings of our country are also developing.


前些年,在全国第三次文物普查中,发现笔架山水库的“高丽城”旧址就是两千年前的邑楼人穴居的遗址。

In the third national cultural relics survey, it was found that the old site of gaolicheng in Bijia mountain and water reservoir was the cave dwelling site of the city floor people 2000 years ago.


与其佐证的是在据此地十几公里远的集贤县滚兔岭还发现了一批邑楼人穴居的遗址和当时邑楼人生活的遗物。


It is proved that a group of cave dwelling sites and relics of the people living in the town were found in the nurabbit ridge, Jixian County, which is more than ten kilometers away.


滚兔岭古城遗址位于集贤县福利镇福兴村东南约1公里左右的滚兔岭上。海拔为137米,南去双鸭山市4公里,北至集贤县县城4.5公里。


The ancient city site of nuhuling is located on the nurabbit mountain about 1 km southeast of Fuxing village, welfare Town, Jixian County. The altitude is 137 meters, 4 km to Shuangyashan City in the South and 4.5km to Jixian County County in the north.


图片2.png

集贤县滚兔岭遗址

The ruins of nuhuling, Jixian County


西北距笔架山水库10多公里,与完达山北麓低山丘陵地区一脉相连。

The northwest is more than 10 kilometers away from the Bijia mountain reservoir, which is connected with the low mountain and hill area in the north foot of Wanda mountain.


1984年,黑龙江省文物考古研究所发掘双鸭山市滚兔岭遗址,在该城址出土文物60余件,并命名“滚兔岭文化”。

In 1984, Heilongjiang Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology excavated the ruins of nuhuling in Shuangyashan City. More than 60 cultural relics were unearthed at the site, and named "rolling rabbit ridge culture".


牛年的春末夏初,我和王寄名先生来到了笔架山水库北山的这座遗址进行了“考察”。

At the end of the spring and early summer of the Niunian, Wang and I came to the site of Beishan Mountain of Bijia mountain reservoir for "investigation".


七十多岁的王寄名是笔架山农场的退休职工,出于对家乡的热爱,近几年不停地用现代化的视频手段传播家乡的文化。《可爱的家乡笔架山》《难忘的笔架山母校》等作品点击量早就超过了五位数。

Wang, who is in his seventies, is a retired employee of Bijiashan farm. In recent years, he has been spreading his hometown culture by means of modern video《 The number of hits in lovely hometown Bijia mountain, unforgettable mother school of Bijia mountain has exceeded five digits.


近来通过集贤县文物管理部门,查到了笔架山水库有座两千多年前的邑楼遗址,就邀请我一起去看看。

Recently, through the cultural relics management department of Jixian County, I found that there is a site of yilou more than 2000 years ago in Bijia mountain and water reservoir. I was invited to visit it together.


我说那里不就是个山上的大土包嘛,有啥看头。

I said it was not a big bag on the mountain. There was a look.


老王说:“不然,文物这东西,没出土之前,不都是埋在地下的吗?秦始皇兵马俑,长沙马王堆,没发掘出土时都是小山包,大土堆。

"Otherwise, the cultural relics, before they were unearthed, were not all buried underground," said the old king? The terra cotta warriors and horses of the first emperor of Qin Dynasty and the horse king heap in Changsha are all small mountain bags and large mounds when they are not excavated.


老王说得有道理,何况水库不远,又是旅游的风景区,权当一次踏青旅游

Laowang makes sense. Besides, the reservoir is not far away, and it is a tourist scenic spot. He has the right to travel to green once


如今的笔架山水库早已是佳木斯合江地区东部旅游景区七星垃子脚下的门户景点。夏天水旷天低,烟波浩渺,远山倒影,船游浪涌,垂钓者的悠闲去处。冬日里冰湖如镜,与白雪相映,雪地上或有几行梅花足迹,可知有獐狍野鹿光临。

Today, Bijia mountain and water bank has long been the gateway of Qixing Lazi, the eastern tourist attraction in Hejiang area of Jiamusi. In summer, the water is open and low, the smoke is vast, the mountains reflect, the boat swim surge, the leisurely place of the anglers. In winter, ice lake is like a mirror, which is reflected with snow. There are several lines of plum blossom footprints on the snow. It can be seen that there are deer coming.


此地已成了当下人们追求自然生态养生的绝好去处。

This place has become the perfect place for people to pursue natural ecological health preservation.


资料显示:笔架山水库的地理坐标在东径130‐52′38〞〞〞---北纬131。0′48〞北纬46058′37"。平均海拔74米---79米之间。

The data show that the geographical coordinates of the Bijia mountain and water library are 130-52 ′ 38 "to 131 n. 0 ′ 48 "n 46058 ′ 37". The average altitude is 74 m-79 M.


图片3.png

王寄名告诉我眼前就是二千年前的邑楼古堡遗址

Wang Xiang Ming told me that the ancient castle site of yilou, 2000 years ago, was in front of me


我们到山顶上看到那处遗址时,早已被两千多年的时光冲刷得仅剩下依稀轮廓:在山顶柞树榛材棵子掩映下,一层厚厚的朽烂的树叶下边,露出一圈突出的用脸盆大小的石块和砂土混垒起来的圈堡。我们围着圈堡转了一圈,拍了些照片和录相。

When we saw the site on the top of the mountain, it had been washed away by more than 2000 years. Under the cover of the hazelnut trees of tussah tree, a thick rotten leaf was under the edge, showing a prominent circle of the fort which was built with stone and sand of basin size. We circled around the fort, taking some photos and videos.


老王还专门拍了几段录相,准备回去做成快手视频。

Lao Wang also took several videos to prepare for the Kwai Fu video.


为了这次“考察”,老王专门准备了测量用的皮尺和挖掘用的刀铲。我们踏着松软的树叶 ,围着土堡开始用带来的米尺进行测量。

For this "investigation", the old king specially prepared the measuring tape and the digging knife shovel. We walked on soft leaves, and around the bunker we began to measure with the meter we brought.


土堡底部周长120米 。北坡从底到上顶的斜高是9米。上边墙宽2•5—3米。西坡从底到上顶的斜高10---10•5米,上口直径23米,上口一圈墙四周都有盛开的丁香。

The perimeter of the bottom of the bunker is 120 meters. The slope from the bottom to the top of the north slope is 9 meters high. The width of the upper wall is 2.5-3M. The slope from the bottom to the top of the west slope is 10-10.5m high, and the diameter of the upper mouth is 23 meters. There are blooming lilac around the wall at the upper opening.


图片4.png

我们在用皮尺测量土堡底部的周长

We are measuring the perimeter of the bottom of the bunker with a tape ruler


看着长满荒草和几株柞树的浅坑,老王提出了疑问:

Looking at the shallow pit full of grass and several tussah trees, the old king asked:


当年那些邑楼人,在这样高的山上修建土堡,他们的生活用水是怎样解决的?

When those people built the earth fort on such a high mountain, how did their domestic water be solved?


眼前的水库虽然浩渺,但是这是二千多年后才修建的。当时哪有水库?能是邑楼人用下边的哈达密河水生活。山下确实有条小河叫哈达密河。是从七星垃子流过来的。莫非哈达密就是邑楼人的语言?那又是什么意思呢?

Although the reservoir is vast, it was built more than 2000 years later. Where was there a reservoir? The city building people live in the hadamic river. There is really a small river under the mountain called Hadami river. It's from the Seven Star garbage. Is it the language of the city building? What does that mean?


疑问2:你看顶边上的这些丁香树,是这样的有规则和顺序?能是两千多年前的邑楼人栽的吗?要是那样的话,他们就很会生活了,不过从资料上看,邑楼人那时还是很蛮荒的。

Question 2: do you see these clove trees on the top, which are regular and sequential? Can it be planted by the city building people more than 2000 years ago? If so, they would have lived very well, but from the data, the Yi Lou people were still very wild.


也就养个猪禽之类的做为生存食物,哪有闲情逸致去养花种草,再说了那时的丁香也不能活到现在二千多年了。

Also raise a pig and poultry as a living food, where there is leisure to raise flowers and grass, and then cloves can not live to more than 2000 years.


图片5.png

王寄名在研究身边的丁香花是不是二千年前的邑楼人栽的

Wang Xiang Ming is studying whether lilac flowers planted by the city building people 2000 years ago


老王说得也有道理。

The old king made sense.


资料显示:邑楼人当年确实是中国东北荒漠地区的少数民族之一。

Data show that yilou people were indeed one of the ethnic minorities in desert areas in Northeast China.


其中肃慎一系,从西汉到三国时期这一种族在历史上被称为挹娄。挹娄族称呼在秦代就已存在,位于东北强国扶余东部,靠近大海,南面与另一个少数民族北沃沮相接。挹娄面积极大,向北不知到何处,史料没有记载。

Among them, the Su Shen family, from the Western Han Dynasty to the Three Kingdoms period, was called yilou in history. Yilou nationality was called in Qin Dynasty, which was located in the east of Fuyu, a powerful Northeast power, near the sea, and connected with another ethnic minority in the North Woju. Yilou has a huge area, and it is unknown where to go to the north. There is no record in historical data.


挹娄人身材威猛,高大有力气,初期的各个部落互不统属,散在四处,力量弱小,而且经济不发达。他们生活在山林之间,生存能力极强,晚上就睡在山洞里,就是我们说的穴居,基本上相当于原始社会。

Yilou people are powerful and powerful. In the early days, all tribes are not in charge of each other, scattered around, weak and underdeveloped. They live in the mountains and forests, and they have strong living ability. They sleep in caves at night, which is what we call cave dwelling, which is basically equivalent to primitive society.


三国时代的挹娄人:乘船打劫,尤其擅长毒技

Yilou people in the Three Kingdoms era: taking a boat to rob, especially good at poison skills


猪肉是挹娄人的日常美食,猪皮剥下来还要制成衣服穿,他们喜欢将猪油抹遍全身,抹得以厚为最佳,用以抵挡寒冷,敢情猪是挹娄人的图腾崇拜呀!

Pork is a daily food for yilou people. The skin of pigs is also made into clothes. They like to spread the lard all over the body, and the best way to wipe it is thick. It is the totem worship of yilou people to resist the cold!


天一热,挹娄人便顾不了那么多了,都脱得赤条条的,要不就找一块布盖住下体即可。

As soon as the day was hot, yilou people could not care so much, they were stripped of the strip, or they would find a cloth to cover the lower body.


对于保洁,挹娄人更是缺少卫生概念,竟然将公共厕所建在生活地带正中心,大家围厕而居。

For cleaning, yilou people lack the concept of sanitation, and even build public toilets in the center of living area, and everyone lives in the toilet.


挹娄人擅长用长达四尺的重弓,爆发力很强,箭头竟然是用青石做的,即石簇。挹娄人因为生存的需要,从小就要学习射箭,人人皆兵,这与富有军事传统的欧洲斯巴达城邦倒相似。

Yilou people are good at using a four foot heavy bow, and the explosive force is very strong. The arrows are made of blue stone, that is, stone clusters. Because of the need of survival, yilou people have to learn archery since childhood, and everyone is soldiers. This is similar to the military tradition of Sparta city state in Europe.


两千年前的邑楼人离我们遥远而神密,让后人对他们的生活充满了猜测和想象。

Two thousand years ago, the city building people were far away from us and were so close that the future people were full of speculation and imagination about their lives.

图片6.png

眼前的几块大石头,我们分析是当时的邑楼人摆祭祀供品用的。

We analyzed the large stones in front of us for the sacrifice and sacrifice of the people in the Yi Lou at that time.



猜测之一:

One of the guesses:


山下的水库那里也许两千年前就是很多邑楼人群居的地方,也许,当年的邑楼人在山下穴居,首领居住在山顶上的圈堡里,食用水等物品由下边的属下背上山来。

The reservoir under the mountain may have been a place where many people lived in groups 2000 years ago. Maybe, the Yi Lou people lived in caves under the mountain. The leader lived in the ring fort on the top of the mountain. The food water and other items came from the bottom of the lower part of the mountain.


只是被后来的修建水库被夷为平地,就象三峡水库一样,再过千百年,谁又能知道库底下有好几千年的古城。

Just by the later construction of the reservoir was razed to the ground, like the Three Gorges reservoir, after thousands of years, who can know that there are thousands of years of ancient city under the reservoir.


猜测之二:以水库邑楼遗址为中心方圆五公里的周围还有庆丰村,笔架山高中,丰乐镇等地都发现有几十处古城遗址。可以推测这个地区就是邑楼人当年群居之地。另外,本地周围的很多村屯的最早名称也都带有原始的味道:水库邑楼遗址周边就有一部落二部落,直至六部落。

Guess two: around the five kilometers around the reservoir yilou site, there are dozens of ancient city sites found in Qingfeng Village, Bijiashan high school and fengle town. It can be inferred that this area was the place where the Yi Lou people lived in groups. In addition, the earliest names of many villages around the area also have the original flavor: there are two tribes around the site of reservoir yilou, until the sixth tribe.


有人说“部落”一词是伪满州时日本人留下的。其实不对:查中国典籍,部落一词是:是汉语词语,拼音是bù luò,意思是一般指原始社会民众由若干血缘相近的宗族、氏族结合而成的集体。

Some people say the word "tribe" was left by Japanese when Manchuria was in the state. Actually, it is not true: check Chinese classics. The word "tribe" is: Chinese word, Pinyin is b ù lu ò, It means that the primitive society people are formed by the combination of several families and clans with similar blood ties.


《汉书·鲍宣传》:“凡民有七亡……部落鼓鸣,男女遮迣,六亡也。”

"Han Book · Bao propaganda": "every people have seven deaths... The tribe drums, men and women cover up, six dead."


也许两千年前,这里就是邑楼人的部落中心,只是日本人来修建水库后,才淹没了一些遗址,就象现在修建三峡大坝一样,不也是使很多古县城掩淹到水下,成为后人的古迹了吗?

Maybe 2000 years ago, this is the tribal center of the yilou people. Only after the Japanese came to build the reservoir, they submerged some sites. Just like the Three Gorges Dam now, it is not the place that many ancient counties and cities have been submerged under the water, and become the historic sites of later generations?


历史就是由很多也许组成。就是揭开的历史,也是由许多的也许组成。

History is made up of many possibilities. Even the history of unveiling is also composed of many possibilities.


这样的推理也不是没有道理。

Such reasoning is not unreasonable.


猜测到这些,我们突发奇想:水库旅游景区如果能把这处“邑楼遗址”开发利用起来,做为一个文物景点,不仅能增加本地的文物景观,更能保存下一段两千多年的历史。

We have guessed that if the reservoir tourist attraction can develop and use this "yilou site" as a cultural relics scenic spot, it can not only increase the local cultural relics landscape, but also save the next 2000 years of history.


如果再有条件进行一下地下挖掘,没准会有什么石簇弓弩的出现。

If there is any condition for underground excavation, there may be some stone cluster bow and crossbow.


世界上的很多事物都是发生在偶然之间。

A lot of things in the world happen by accident.


图片7.png

上山前,我们在笔架山水库管理站留影左为王寄名

Before we went up the mountain, we took a picture at the management station of the penrack mountain library. Left, we sent the name to Wang


本文撰稿:郝连成 图片摄影: 王寄名 郝连成

This article is written by: haoliancheng photo: Wang sent the name haoliancheng





2021年5月19日

On may19,2021,


于黑龙江省笔架山农场

Bijiashan farm, Heilongjiang Province


作者
文章赞赏列表
相关新闻

标签相关

0 条 评 论 Write a Response

发 表 您 的 评 论

2.148522s