《张联的情趣》


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北宋大诗人欧阳修说:视其所好,可知其人焉。张联的爱好就是读书绘畫和收藏图书,当年身边的人评价张联的爱好就两字:高雅。

Ouyang Xiu, a great poet of the Northern Song Dynasty, said: we can see who he is if we look at him. Zhang Lian's hobby is reading, painting and collecting books. When people around him commented on Zhang Lian's hobby, there were two words: elegant.


少年学画

Young people learn painting


正赶上中国进行轰轰烈烈的大跃进时代,张联出生在后来被人们称谓人杰地灵的黑龙江省笔架山农场。说起真正的隶属关系, 张联的父母都是驻场单位的粮库职工,父亲当年是粮库的工会主席,母亲是粮库的文化干事,张联的情趣就是在这样的家庭中培养起来的。说起对美术的爱好,还得感谢当年上山下乡运动中到来的知识青年,那时画毛主席去安源画像最有名的双鸭山下乡知青于长河,为《合江日报》设计报头插图的浙江知青周寅舫等人都曾做过他的老师。现在人们不忘艺名于大美的于长河就给笔架山带出了王凤军,张联、郝连利,白鸣、周德春等一批美术爱好者。虽然这些人在后来的人生道路上各有发展,但是张联始终认为当年的美育重陶,会影响他们一生。

Zhang Lian was born in Bijiashan farm of Heilongjiang Province, which was later called outstanding people. Speaking of the real subordination, Zhang Lian's parents were both grain depot workers in the field units. His father was the trade union chairman of the grain depot at that time, and his mother was the cultural officer of the grain depot. Zhang Lian's taste was cultivated in such a family. Speaking of his love for fine arts, I have to thank the educated youth who came during the movement of going to the countryside. At that time, Zhou Yinfang, the most famous educated youth who painted Chairman Mao's portrait in Anyuan, who went to the countryside in Shuangyashan, and Zhejiang educated youth who designed the front page illustrations for Hejiang daily, had been his teachers. Now people don't forget Yu Changhe, whose stage name is Yu Damei, who brought out Wang Fengjun, Zhang Lian, Hao LIANLI, Bai Ming, Zhou Dechun and other artists to Bijiashan amateur. Although these people had their own development in their later life, Zhang Lian always believed that the aesthetic education of that year would affect their life.


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回想当年学画时很是艰辛,没有教材,没有教具,没有教室,老师也不是专职,他们经常是在老师的宿舍去请教问题。一本教材几个同学分别转抄。在张联保存的学画资料中,他最珍惜的是两本手抄本美术教材。厚厚的两大本教程,抄得文字工整插图精准。‘那时抄完这两部书就感觉到自己的水平有了很大的提高。”张联这样告诉记者。就这样带带拉拉地学习了三年的素描,水彩,甚至还接触过俄罗斯画家列宾的油画。就这样张联跟于大美学习打下了美术功底。后来又跟着周寅舫老师学习国画和设计报头。那段时间张联最大的成就是设计的报头插图隔三差五的被《合江日报》采用。记得有一双球鞋的7 .8元钱就是他攒了四张报头稿费钱买的。

In retrospect, when I was studying painting, it was very hard. There were no teaching materials, no teaching aids, no classrooms, and the teachers were not full-time. They often asked questions in the teachers' dormitories. A textbook is copied by several students. Among the painting materials kept by Zhang Lian, the two manuscripts are the most precious. Thick two big tutorial, copy the text neat, accurate illustrations‘ At that time, after copying these two books, I felt very happy To their own level has been greatly improved Zhang Lian told reporters. In this way, Lala learned three years of sketch, watercolor, and even came into contact with the oil paintings of Russian painter Lebin. In this way, Zhang Lian learned from Da Mei and laid a solid foundation in art. Later, I followed Mr. Zhou Yinfang to learn Chinese painting and design newspaper headlines. During that time, Zhang Lian's greatest achievement was to design the illustrations on the front of the newspaper It was adopted by Hejiang daily. I remember that the 7.8 yuan for a pair of sneakers was the money he saved for four newspaper headlines.


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现在回忆起那段的经历,张联说,那附在农场局系统,他们的文化活动搞得好,当年的北大画木刻版画全国出名。现在他还能说出当年的那些作者和他们的作品:郝伯义《呦呦鹿鸣》中的生态和谐、《一 飞冲天》中的现实与虚幻的浪漫结合;杜鸿年《山林之歌》林区采伐的冲天干劲;张喜良《春唤万物苏》的勃勃生机;刘荣颜的作品《闹春耕》中的兴奋青年----他告诉记者:北大荒版画的最大特点就是每幅图都是动态的,都有生命活力,可见他对版画的用功之深。

Looking back on that experience, Zhang Lian said that it was attached to the farm bureau system. Their cultural activities were very good. Peking University woodcut was famous all over the country. Now he can also tell the writers and their works of that year: the ecological harmony in Hao Boyi's "you you Lu Ming" and the romantic combination of reality and fantasy in "flying into the sky"; Du Hongnian's "song of mountains and forests" describes the great energy of forest cutting; Zhang Xiliang's spring calls all things Su is full of vitality; The excited youth in Liu Rongyan's work "naochungeng" -- he told the reporter: the biggest characteristic of Beidahuang prints is that each picture is dynamic and has vitality, which shows his hard work on prints.


讲到这里,张联的脸上又浮现出了当年那种北大荒文艺青年的幸福与骄傲。看来北大荒的文化真是深深地扎在了张联的心底。那时他还曾试着搞过版画创作,他给我看了创作底稿,一张工农兵三人并肩放眼世界的构图,透着浓浓的的时代痕迹。在张联喜欢的北大荒板画中, 最让他看中的是一幅鲁讯的画像,至今他的工作室墙上还挂着这样一幅作品。他说他喜欢鲁迅的观察社会的犀利目光,也更喜欢鲁迅直言呐喊的战斗精神。就是在这不规范的美育重陶中, 张联走出了自己的童年。

At this point, Zhang Lian's face again shows the happiness and pride of the literary youth in the northern wilderness. It seems that the culture of BeiDaHuang is deeply rooted in Zhang Lian's heart. At that time, he also tried to do print creation. He showed me the creation manuscript, a composition of workers, peasants and soldiers looking at the world side by side, showing a strong trace of the times. Among Zhang Lian's favorite Peking University wasteboard paintings, the most attractive one is a portrait of Lu Xun, which is still hanging on the wall of his studio. He said that he liked Lu Xun's sharp vision of observing the society and his fighting spirit of speaking out. It was in this nonstandard aesthetic education that Zhang Lian walked out of his childhood.


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青年读书

Youth reading


当年在《合江日报》发表报头设计,使刚参加工作的张联在农场小有了名气,不久就从农场的林业管理站调到了农场工会,主要负责美术宣传,同时兼管农场的图书馆。有了这样的条件,张联一下子扎到了知识的海洋。张联说,那时领导对我的工作安排,简直就是正合我意”。那段时间,张联看了图书馆的很多藏书。现在回想一下主要有如下几类: 艺术方面的《世界美术史》使他开阔”了眼界。范文澜主编的《中国通史》让张联知道了中国上下五千年的发展脉络。马克思的《哥达纲领批判》列宁的《国家与革命》。甚至《资本论》他都浏览过,当时那些书太专业,也太枯燥,张联一个对艺术感兴趣的青 年还不能煞下心去认真读这样的大部头理论书,但他从鲁讯的读书经验中学会了"观其大略“。他把馆内收藏的各种红色理论、政治学,经济学,诸子百家,古希腊哲学,甚至连《本草纲目》和《天工开物》《徐霞客游记》 这样冷门的书都翻阅过,他的想法是,在图书馆工作-回,别让人一问啥都不知道,再者对有些读者来借书时也能大致知道在那柜哪层存放着。

When he published the design of the front page in Hejiang daily, Zhang Lian, who had just joined the work, became famous in the farm. He soon transferred from the forestry management station of the farm to the farm trade union, which was mainly responsible for the art publicity and the library of the farm. With such conditions, Zhang Lian suddenly plunged into the sea of knowledge. Zhang Lian said that at that time, the leadership's arrangement for my work was just right for me. ". Period Time, Zhang Lian read a lot of books in the library. In retrospect, there are mainly the following categories: the history of world art broadened his vision. The general history of China Edited by Fan Wenlan let Zhang Lian know the five thousand year development of China. Marx's critique of the Gotha Program and Lenin's state and revolution. He even browsed Das Kapital. At that time, the books were too professional and boring. Zhang Lian, a young man who was interested in art, could not devote himself to reading such a large number of theoretical books. However, he learned from Lu Xun's reading experience to "look at the outline". He has read all kinds of red theory, political science, economics, various schools of thought, ancient Greek philosophy, and even such unpopular books as compendium of Materia Medica, Tiangong Kaiwu, and Xu Xiake's travels. His idea is that when you work in the library, you should not let people ask you nothing, Moreover, when some readers come to borrow books, they can roughly know which floor of the cabinet is stored.


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在图书馆工作,他最大的收获是看了-些如何安邦定国的书。并对中国古人的治国理念深以为然。张联至今还记得《国语》里边《敬姜论劳逸》的话昔圣王之处民也,择瘠土而处之,劳其民而用之,故长王天下。夫民劳则思,思则善心生;逸则淫,淫则忘善;忘善则恶心生也。沃土之民不材,淫也;瘠土之民莫不向义,劳也。”其意思是,上古的圣 王统治百姓把他们按排到荒凉贫瘠的地方,在这样的地方得非常劳累才能生存,劳累之人,易满足,有善念。就好管理。“忧劳可以兴国,逸豫可以亡身”。“成由勤俭败由奢”。就是那句老话:“由俭入奢易,由奢入俭难!”看现在的吃喝享乐之风,张联更加感觉到中国先人们的伟大和圣明。此外, 西汉政论家贾谊说的:功莫美于去恶而扬善,罪莫大于去善而为恶。德莫高于博爱人,而政莫高于博利人,故政莫大于信。等理政名言都深深地印在了张联的脑中。在管理图书 工作中张联最喜欢的一句话是孔子《大学》里的:故君子必慎其独也。拿现在的话说就是做人要加强自律。

In the library work, his biggest harvest is to read some books about how to stabilize the country. He also thought deeply of the ancient Chinese idea of governing the country. Zhang Lian still remembers the words in Guoyu, Jingjiang on labor and leisure, that in the past, the sage king lived in the people, chose the barren land to live in, and used it to work for the people, so he grew up in the world. When a man works, he thinks, and when he thinks, he is kind-hearted; Leisure leads to lust, lust leads to forgetting goodness; Forgetting kindness is disgusting. The people who are rich in soil are not talented, and they are lewd; The people of barren land are all righteous and hardworking. " It means that the ancient holy king ruled the people and arranged them in a desolate and barren place. In such a place, they had to be very tired to survive. The tired people were easy to be satisfied and had good intentions. It's easy to manage“ Worry and toil can prosper the country, and leisure can perish the body. "“ Success comes from diligence and frugality, and failure comes from extravagance. It's the old saying: "from frugality to luxury is easy, from luxury to frugality is difficult!" Looking at the current style of eating, drinking and enjoying, Zhang Lian feels more about the greatness and holiness of the Chinese ancestors. In addition, Jia Yi, a political commentator in the Western Han Dynasty, said: the merit is not to be beautiful in eliminating evil and promoting good, and the sin is not greater than eliminating good and doing evil. De Mo is higher than Bo lover, and Zheng Mo is higher than Bo Li, so Zheng Mo is higher than Xin. The famous words of Li and Zheng are deeply imprinted in Zhang Lian's mind. In the book management work, Zhang Lian's favorite sentence is from Confucius' great learning: therefore, a gentleman must be cautious of his own. Take the current saying is to strengthen self-discipline.


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中年从政

Middle age in politics


中年而立,四十岁那年,张联被上级按排到农场电业局当上了企业领导。此后的16年时间,张联开始在电业局这块小天地里实现自己的理政想法。当年在图书馆看到管理知识不知不觉的就变成了他的管理策略:加强制度管理,提升员工素质,改善工作环境,关心员工生活。加强制度建设,是治理企业的重要环节。电力输送管理是个技术服务含量较高的行业。张联没学过这个专业,但张联知道不论做什么工作都要深入实际,调查研究,依靠群众,调动起员工的最大积极性。张联到职后,先后完善建立了《安全用电管理制度》《电力资材管理制度》 《员工学习培训制度》等十几项规章制度。第一 -次员工大会,张联就要求办公室把会场布置整洁干净,并亲自用美术宋体字书写了会标,使全体员工一下子有了耳目一新的感觉。为了提升员工的素质,他安排员工分期分批到大庆的铁人纪念馆去参观学习。

At the age of 40, Zhang Lian was assigned to the farm Electric Power Bureau by the superior and became the leader of the enterprise. In the next 16 years, Zhang Lian began to realize his political ideas in the small world of Electric Power Bureau. When he saw the management knowledge in the library, he unconsciously became his management strategy: strengthening the system management, improving the quality of employees, improving the working environment, and caring about the life of employees. Strengthening the system Construction is an important link in the management of enterprises. Power transmission management is an industry with high technical service content. Zhang Lian has never studied this major, but Zhang Lian knows that no matter what he does, he should go deep into practice, investigate and study, rely on the masses, and mobilize the maximum enthusiasm of the staff. After Zhang Lian's arrival, he has successively improved and established more than ten rules and regulations, including the management system for safe use of electricity, the management system for electric power materials, and the staff learning and training system. At the first staff meeting, Zhang Lian asked the office to make the venue clean and tidy, and personally wrote the logo in Fine Art Song typeface, which made all the staff feel fresh and fresh. In order to improve the quality of the staff, he arranged for the staff to visit the iron man Memorial Hall in Daqing by stages and in batches.


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在铁人纪念馆,张联亲自给员工讲解当年大庆发现石油的经过。张联对大庆油田发现过程的了解,让铁人纪念馆的人都很吃惊,问参观的员工,你们这个老同志是学石油的吧。张联任职期间,结合全民健身活动,为员工建起了乒乓球室、健身房,网球场,友谊亭。利用有限的空闲场地把电业小区建成了笔架山场部的有艺术特色环境,员工下班都不愿回家。周边的群众也都聚来健身和休闲。

At the iron man Memorial, Zhang Lian personally explained to the staff the discovery of oil in Daqing. Zhang Lian's understanding of the discovery process of Daqing Oilfield surprised the people in the iron man Memorial Hall. He asked the staff who visited the museum, are you old comrades studying oil. During his term of office, Zhang Lian built a table tennis room, gym, tennis court and friendship Pavilion for his employees. With the limited free space, the electric power community has been built into an artistic environment of Bijia mountain, and the employees are reluctant to go home after work. The surrounding people also gathered for fitness and leisure.


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改造了全场的有线电视电话。说起这些年的工作体会,张联就总结了四个字:内政外交。 内政管理要严,法不严道不行;外交层面要宽,张联在谈到这里时引用一句毛主席的话:谁是我们的敌人,谁是我们的朋友,这个问题是革命的首要问题。这是毛泽东选集第一卷第一篇文章中说的。 “你说交朋友重要不重要?”张联问我。 张联的很多知识和管理理念都是在图书馆工作那段时间积累的。 因体制的变更,笔架山电业局划归到地方县行业管理。张联也从电业局撤了回来,以后他更有时间拣起他扔了三十多年的绘畫爱好了。 他说是这些兴趣爱好改变了他的人生。他今后的目标就是在此基础上追求更高的层次。

The cable TV telephone of the whole venue has been transformed. Speaking of these years' work experience, Zhang Lian summed up four words: internal and foreign affairs. The internal affairs management should be strict, and the law is not strict; The diplomatic level should be broad. Zhang Lian quoted Chairman Mao as saying: who are our enemies and who are our friends? This is the primary issue of the revolution. This is said in the first article in volume one of Mao Zedong's anthologies“ Do you think it's important to make friends? " Zhang Lian asked me. A lot of Zhang Lian's knowledge and management ideas were accumulated during his working time in the library. Due to the change of the system, Bijiashan Electric Power Bureau was put under the management of local county. Zhang Lian also withdrew from the electric power bureau. Later, he had more time to pick up his painting hobby that he had thrown away for more than 30 years. He said it was these interests that changed his life. His future goal is to pursue a higher level on this basis.



郝连成鸡年腊八采写于笔架山

Hao Liancheng, the year of the rooster


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