The World Federation of literary and art circles communication office, September 9 (reporter Zhang Chaoqun, Li Qianwei) Sichuan Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology announced a new batch of Sanxingdui archaeological relics on September 9, of which a complete gold mask is particularly eye-catching.
This gold mask was unearthed in "sacrificial pit" No. 3 of Sanxingdui site in mid June. When the archaeologists slowly took out a piece of bronze from the No. 3 "sacrificial pit", a mass of gold ware that was severely deformed appeared in front of people. When unearthed, the gold ware was crumpled into a ball like a piece of manuscript paper, which was difficult to distinguish its shape. In less than a week, a complete gold mask slowly appeared.
It is reported that this gold mask as thin as a butterfly wing is 37.2 cm wide, 16.5 cm high, weighs about 100 grams, has hollow eyebrows and eyes, round ears, tall nose, large and slightly open mouth, and has a dignified and sacred shape. It is the most complete gold mask unearthed in the archaeological excavation of Sanxingdui.
Ran Honglin, director of Sanxingdui Archaeological Research Institute of Sichuan Institute of cultural relics and archaeology, told reporters that the facial features of this gold mask are consistent with the bronze head image previously unearthed in Sanxingdui, and the size is also close to the bronze head. "We speculate that the gold mask is part of the face of the bronze head, not an independent object," he said.
Looking closely at the gold masks unearthed from the ancient Shu site, it is not difficult to find that they are all made by hammering with molds, with hollow eyebrows and eyes and polished surfaces. "The malleability of gold is very good. It can be hammered very thin and then embedded into the required shape to fit on the surface of the head," ran Honglin said.
In January this year, a remnant of a gold mask weighing about 286 grams was unearthed in Sanxingdui. Although it has only "half a face", it still maintains the record of the heaviest gold mask unearthed in Sanxingdui. Archaeologists revealed that two other gold masks to be repaired were unearthed in Sanxingdui site. With the follow-up archaeological research and restoration work carried out one after another, there will be more "golden" miracles in Sanxingdui.